Print ISSN: 0031-0247
Online ISSN: 2274-0333
Hypoplasia: CT-scan or naked eye?
Eocene otoliths (Clinchfield Formation), Georgia
New elephant cranium from early Pliocene Ileret, Kenya
Early adaptive radiation of Theridomorpha
Evolution et extinction des reptiles marins au Mésozoïque
Paleobiology of Messel ErinaceomorphsErinaceomorpha; Germany; Grube Messel; Lipotyphla; Middle Eocene; Paleobiology
Three erinaceomorph species are known from the early Middle Eocene of Grube Messel near Darmstadt, Germany, which are referred to the family Amphilemuridae. Pholidocercus hassiacus, Macrocranion tupaiodon, and Macrocranion tenerum showed extraordinary adaptations to their different life strategies, and several of their specializations are unknown among living insectivores. Pholídocercus was a well-defended robust animal with an opportunistic feeding strategy. Macrocraníon zupaiodon was a slender forest floor-dweller with saltatorial specializations to escape from predators; ﬁshes were the preferred component of its omnivorous diet. Macrocranion tenerum exhibited a combination of both survival strategies, extremely elongated hind limbs for rapid and even ricochetal flight and a spiny exterior as an effective protective device; it was probably specialized for feeding on ants. Thus, closely related, omnivorous-insectivorous forest floor-dwellers could exploit the Messel ecosystem.
Published in Vol. 25, Fasc. 2-4 (1996)