September 1981
Vol. 11, Fasc. 4
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Print ISSN: 0031-0247
Online ISSN: 2274-0333
Frequency: biannual

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PalaeovertebrataVol. 11, Fasc. 4:133-179. 1981
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Rongeurs muroidés du Néogène supérieur d'Afghanistan, évolution, biogéographie, corrélations
Louis D. Brandy
Keywords: Afghanistan; Muroidea; Neogene

Cite this article: Brandy L. D. ., 1981. Rongeurs muroidés du Néogène supérieur d'Afghanistan, évolution, biogéographie, corrélations. Palaeovertebrata 11 (4): 133-179.


The rodent faunas of five afghan localities found in 1976 and 1977 (Sherullah, Ghazgay, Pul-e Charkhi, Dawrankhel 14 and 15) are studied.
The rodents (Muridae, Cricetidae and Rhizomyidae) represent 8 genera and 10 species. The detailed description of the 2 new genera and 7 species diagnosed in 1979 is given. An other species is created : Pseudomeriones crapouilloti n. sp. These faunas precise the origin and diversification of Muridae and Cricetidae. A phyletic lineage known in Afghanistan is represented in East Africa by a ramus or a collateral lineage. The five localities are dated from Lower Turolian to Ruscinian. They constitute the frame of a chronologie scale for the Upper Continental Neogene of Afghanistan.
The study of afghan material brings new data to the biogeography of Old Word's rodents during the Upper Neogene; from Pakistan to Europe and Africa, a rather warm and damp province would have existed till Upper Miocene; after which (in the mio-pliocene epoch) it would have divided into 3 parts, by aridification of the central area. 

Published in Vol. 11, Fasc. 4 (1981)